Due to catheter related infections 89% of dialysis patients choose hemodialysis over peritoneal dialysis even though 65% of all dialysis patients qualify for peritoneal dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis costs less and has a higher 5-year survival rate.
A catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) is one of the most common infections a person can contract in the hospital or nursing home, according to the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACCA, 2012). Indwelling catheters are the typical cause of this infection.
Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) is a nosocomial pneumonia that develops more than 48-72 hours after endotracheal tube (ETT) intubation. It is the most common infection acquired by adults and children in ICUs and is a cause of significant patient morbidity, mortality, and excess cost.
Central Line Associated Bloodstream Infection (CLABSI) are some of the most serious infections typically causing a prolongation of hospital stay and increased cost and risk of mortality. There are still over 30,000 CLABSI which occur in the US each year.